Sunday, May 19, 2013

HP 35S: Approximate Length of Sunlight During a Day

HP 35S: Length of Sunlight During a Day

Source: Total Daily Amount of Solar Radiation - HP 67/97 Energy Conservation Pac, December 1978, Author: Hewlett Packard

(This is a slight variation instead of a direct port)

Input

You are prompted for D and L where:
D = the number of days from March 21, a 365 day year is assumed
L = latitude (North as positive, South as negative), entered as D.MMSS (degrees-minutes-seconds) format

Output

Approximate number of hours of sunlight, in hours, minutes, seconds

Examples

Los Angeles, April 17: latitude of 34°03' N, 27 days after March 21
D = 27, L = 34.03, answer is approximately 12.573501 (12 hours, 57 minutes, 35.01 seconds)

Rome, September 1: latitude 41°51' N, 164 days after March 21
D = 164, L = 41.52, answer is approximately 12.532269 (12 hours, 53 minutes, 22.69 seconds)

Sydney, June 21: latitude 33°51'31" S, 92 days after March 21
D = 92, L = -33.5131, answer is approximately 9.443922 (9 hours, 44 minutes, 39.22 seconds)

Formulas

This version uses the estimate of sun declination:
D = 23.45 sin(d * 0.9856°)

Since 360/365.25 ≈ 0.985626283368

θ = acos(-tan L × tan D)

L = 24 * θ in radians ÷ π

Program
S001 LBL S
S002 DEG
S003 INPUT D
S004 0.9856
S005 ×
S006 SIN
S007 23.45
S008 ×
S009 INPUT L
S010 HMS→
S011 TAN
S012 x<>y
S013 TAN
S014 ×
S015 +/-
S016 ACOS
S017 ->RAD
S018 24
S019 ×
S020 π
S021 ÷
S022 ->HMS
S023 RTN



This blog is property of Edward Shore. 2013

2 comments:

  1. Cool post Eddie.

    Now I know I'll have plenty of daylight this weekend to play ham radio.

    Look for an ARRL Field Day event near you.

    http://www.arrl.org/field-day-locator

    Scott
    KD5NJR
    kd5njr@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. I will have to check it out, thanks Scott!

    Eddie

    ReplyDelete

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