Monday, August 19, 2019

HP 41/DM41L and TI-60X: Exponentiation of Large Numbers

HP 41/DM41L  and TI-60X:  Exponentiation of Large Numbers

But Why a Program when we have Button?

This is true.  What this program does is allow for calculation of y^x when results in answers greater than 9.999999999 * 10^9.  The number is broken up into the form:

mantissa * 10^exponent

Let n = y^x.  Then:

n = y^x

Taking the logarithm of both sides:

log n = log (y^x)
log n = x log y

A number can be split into its fractional and integer part:

log n = frac(x log y) + int(x log y)

Take the antilog of both sides:

n = 10^( frac(x log y) + int(x log y) )
n = 10^( frac(x log y) ) * 10^( int(x log y) )

where
mantissa = 10^( frac(x log y) )
exponent = int(x log y)

HP 41/DM 41L Program BIGPOW

Input:
Y stack:  y
X stack:  x

Output:
Y:  mantissa (shown first)
X:  exponent

01 LBL T^BIGPOW
02 X<>Y
03 LOG
04 *
05 ENTER↑
06 FRC
07 10↑X
08 STOP
09 X<>Y
10 INT
11 RTN

TI-60 Program:  Big Powers

Input:
Store y in R1 and x in R2

Output:
R1 = mantissa (shown first), R2 = exponent

(Step,  Key Number, Key)
00, 71, RCL
01, 02, 2
02, 65, *
03, 71, RCL
04, 01, 1
05, 43, log
06, 95, =
07, 61, STO
08, 02, 2
09, 78, Frac
10, 12, INV
11, 43, log
12, 61, STO 
13, 01, 1
14, 13, R/S
15, 71, RCL
16, 02, 2
17, 79, Intg
18, 13, R/S
19, 22, RST

Examples

Example 1:  25^76.   y = 25, x = 76

Result: 
Mantissa = 1.75162308
Exponent = 106
25^76 ≈ 1.75162308 * 10^106

Example 2:  78^55.25,  y = 78, x = 55.25

Result:
Mantissa = 3.453240284
Exponent = 104
78^55.25 ≈ 3.543240284 * 10^104

Eddie

All original content copyright, © 2011-2019.  Edward Shore.   Unauthorized use and/or unauthorized distribution for commercial purposes without express and written permission from the author is strictly prohibited.  This blog entry may be distributed for noncommercial purposes, provided that full credit is given to the author.

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