Monday, August 12, 2013

Completing the Square

Goal: Transform x^2 + a*x + b to (x + c)^2 + d.

Setting the two sides equal to each other:
x^2 + a*x + b = (x + c)^2 + d
x^2 + a*x + b = x^2 + 2*c*x + c^2 + d

Next I will use a technique that calculus students normally use when decomposing partial fractions.

Setting the coefficients of x^2, x, and the constant equal to each other, we have:
x^2: 1 = 1
x: a = 2*c
constant: b = c^2 + d

Solving for c:
a = 2*c
c = a/2

Then solving for d:
b = c^2 + d
b = a^2/4 + d
d = b - a^2/4

Hence:
x^2 + a*x + b = (x + a/2)^2 + (b - a^2/4)


Hope this helps. Until next time!

Eddie



This blog is property of Edward Shore. 2013

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