Blog Entry #104. (I thought I use a different font this time. I like Arial, but change is good, at least every once in a while. )
Objective of this blog entry: calculate the area of an ellipse (Fig. A), and then a section of an ellipse (Fig. B).
Normally, the equation given for an ellipse is:
x^2/a^2 + y^2/b^2 = 1
I am going to use the parametric form
x = a cos t
y = b sin t
with 0 ≤ t ≤ 2 π
Let θ be the upper limit (angle) and the area is:
θ
∫ y dx =
0
θ
∫ y(t) x'(t) dt =
0
θ
∫ (b sin t) (a sin t) dt =
0
θ
∫ a b sin^2 t dt
0
Note: the antiderviatve of sin^2 t is 1/2 ( t  sin t cos t ).
Then:
θ
∫ a b sin^2 t dt =
0
a b [ 1/2 ( θ  sin θ cos θ )  1/2 ( 0  sin 0 cos 0 ) ] =
1/2 a b ( θ  sin θ cos θ )
The area of an ellipse (up to angle θ , see Fig. B) is:
1/2 a b ( θ  sin θ cos θ )
To find the area of the entire ellipse, let θ = 2 π. Then:
A = 1/2 a b (2 π  sin (2 π) cos (2 π)) = π a b
That concludes is blog entry. Before I go, and before I forget: THANK YOU U.S. TROOPS FOR ALL YOU DO!!!!
Eddie
A blog is that is all about mathematics and calculators, two of my passions in life.
Wednesday, May 23, 2012
Area of an Ellipse
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Thanks for providing such useful information about ellipse .The formulas and their derivation which are provided here are very useful.
ReplyDeleteArea of an Ellipse
You are welcome Manoj.
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