TI-30 XIIS and Casio fx-115ES Plus 2nd Edition: The Percent Function
%: Divide by 100
Unlike computer languages, where the % symbol usually means modulo division, the % divides the argument by 100 on calculators such as the TI-30 XIIS and Casio fx-115 ES Plus 2nd Edition.
Hence 50% returns 0.5
This may provide confusion when the following is typed:
100 + 50%
which would returns 100.5 instead of the expected 150.
Here is how to use the percent function to our advantage in common situations.
Adding and Subtracting Percent
x + p% and x - p%
1. Enter x and store it in a variable, preferably A. The variable A can be advantageous, especially the TI-30 XIIS. Access the variable A on the TI-30 XIIS by pressing [MEMVAR] [ = ] with every few keystrokes.
2. Enter the following:
Add percent: A+A×p%
Subtract percent: A-A×p%
We can omit the multiplication sign on the TI-30 XIIS. The multiplication sign is required on the fx-115ES Plus.
50 + 10%: 50 → A; A+A*10% returns 55
50 - 10%: 50 → A; A-A*10% returns 45
Key strokes: (new - old)/old%
Find the percent change from 425 to 480:
(480-425)/425% returns 12.94117647
For the following calculations, let i=6% and n=4 (i being the periodic interest, n being number of payments). We can see the percent function in action.
Future Value of a Present Value: (1+i%)^n
(1+6%)^4 returns 1.26247696
Future Annuity Value Factor: ((1+i%)^n-1)/i%
((1+6%)^4-1)/6% returns 4.374616
Present Annuity Value Factor: (1-(1+i%)^-n)/i%
(1-(1+6%)^-4)/6% returns 3.465105613
Hope this helps, so we can find additional calculations where this percent function can help with calculations with the TI 30 XIIS and Casio fx-115 ES Plus 2nd Edition.
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